The most preventable causes of visual loss are refractive errors and cataract. These problems could be easily managed using glasses or on-time ophthalmic examinations. Moreover, diabetes and ocular injuries are the other two major causes of avoidable visual impairments. Diabetic retinopathy can be dealt with using regular eye exams. Work-related ocular trauma, which occurs as a result of the lack of proper eye protection, can be simply avoided by preventive measures.
Knowledge and guides on ocular injuries, which is common and destructive among pediatric and aging groups, are crucial for the prevention. As for instance, the most frequent cause of ocular injury among elderly is falling due to their lack of walking stability and turning maneuver. Visual impairment could easily weaken mobility in them, as well.
In pediatric population, the burden is high due to the risk of amblyopia. Thus, preventive measures for ocular problems in children are extremely significant. The most common cause of ocular injuries in children is the trauma caused by sharp implement or unintentional stab.
Farabi Eye Hospital, along with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) is working on eye health and treatment for VISION FIRST.
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Farabi Comprehensive Center of Excellence in Ophthalmology